Corsica is located in the heart of the Mediterrenean Sea, a paradise island where the beach and the mountains intermix to form a spectacular natural beauty. Corsica, France has a great big mountain in the middle and it's peak measures 2700 meters above sea level.
Corsica's geographical location has always been it's main defense system against invadors. It's high cliffs, and extensive lands, and territorial division have served to defend it's territory from invadors along history. It has also served to maintain custums and create ideoligical and social frontiers, as well as linguistic ones on the island. It is for this reason that it is important to speak of the development of this island through whom the phoenicians, greeks, romans, vandals, the Bizancio Empire, aragoneses, genovese and lastly the french have settled. They are who conquered the island after the Versailles Treaty was signed in 1768.
Due to it's geo-strategic location, Corsica forms part of the natural ports from which many large ships pass.
If we go back to the Classic era, you'll find a period of time where new invadors would eliminate the anterior ones and the locals would find refuge in the interior regions of this island.
The Roman era came in the 3rd Century b.c. and it was the era of the longest duration in this region. The romans lasted there about 7 years.
When the Romans arrived on the island, they distributed lands to the veterans that had fought hard and were due for a reward.
During the Middle age, the era of the Roman Empire had fallen and Corsica was battle groud where the godos and vandals fought out their differences. The vandals won and with the forests of the island build an incredible fleet.
After the Bizantenes passed through these lands, again the Godos, the africans and in the 9th century Carlo Margo was who conquered it.
During the 12 century the Pisanos dominated this island, and proof to htis is the Santa Maria la Mayor Church of this era, with a roman/pisano style. One of the oldest of Bonifacio.
After the pisanso came the genovese with times when the Aragon crown ruled. Times in which the island wa divided into two regions, one for the Pisanso from Pisa and the aragoneses from the Aragon Crown. They were in favor of independence. In fact Corsica became a small mini/republic until the year 1447 when Pope Nicolas V declared the island to be owned by the Genovese, and the Aragon Crown was expulsed from the island of Corsica.
The arrival of the French:
In the 16th century the first french settlers arrived and began to come in through Corsica. French and turkish troops arrived and disembarked in Bastia and Bonifacio, little by little the island fell except Calvi that fought off for as long as they could the french/turkish battles. This this action the genovese with the help of the spaniards mainly King Carlos V reconquered part of the island.
Centuries later, in the 18th century, France which was half of Corisica started a battle. The Corsos fought the Genovese, and won control over the island once again. After this victorious battle of Luis XV of France, a victory that meant the end of Corso independence, but not of the French domain, since the island was briefly in the hands of the English who disembarked here under the orders of Admiral Nelson who took advantage of the small cracks left open by the corson. This situation only lasted a few years since in 1796 the french returned to Corsica in the hands of one of the most important leaders, Napoleon Bonaparte.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Corsica became anexed from France.